Scientific Journal Of King Faisal University
Basic and Applied Sciences


Scientific Journal of King Faisal University / Humanities and Management Sciences

Identifying Gifted and Talented Students and Methods to Enhance their Development: A Conceptual Framework

(Fouad Ahmed Ali Albrahim and Sumaihan Naser Al Rashidi)


This research intends to address the problems of identifying gifted students, supporting their excellence and promoting their care. Identifying gifted students is a challenge for individual teachers and for educational institutions, particularly in terms of developing programs that suit and contribute to the development of their skills. This article provides a comprehensive exploration of the characteristics of gifted students and the relationship of these characteristics to the identification of talent. The characteristics of the gifted have already attracted the attention of researchers and others interested in educational matters, and the current article therefore seeks to answer some of the most important questions arising from previous work in the field. These questions revolve around defining the criteria for systematically identifying gifted students, establishing the best strategies for developing their talents, and developing the most effective teaching methods that meet their educational needs. In response to these research questions, this article follows a systematic process of defining relevant concepts, theories and existing strategies for developing student talent. More specifically, this research reviews the descriptive methodologies of educational studies that have been conducted in the field of gifted students. Therefore, this work can be considered a conceptual framework the characteristics of gifted students which aims to demonstrate the importance of these features and their impact on the design and implementation of talented curricula as well as highlight the most important strategies for teaching gifted students and the use of modern technologies in their education.

Gifted, talented, intelligent, creative, Identifying Gifted, characteristic of gifted, teaching strategies, teaching methods, modern techniques



Alessi, S. and Trollip, S. (1985). Computer-Based Instruction: Methods and Development.  Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.  
Andrew, N. and Derek, B. (1993). An Introduction to Microcomputers in Teaching. London: Anchor Press.
Ang, M. (2007). Defining characteristics of giftedness. NAGCM Newsletter, Nos. 48 and 49, Bumper Issue, National Association for Gifted Children, Malaysia, n/a(n/a), 14-15.
Baer, J. (1993). Why you shouldn't trust creativity tests. Educational Leadership, 51(4), 80-83. 
Bassow, A. (1979). The Gifted and the Talented: Their Education and Development. USA: The Seventy-Eight Year Book of the National Society for the Study of Education.
Berger, S. (1991). Differentiating Curriculum for Gifted Students. Reston, Virginia: ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children.
Bramble, W. and Wason, J. (1985) Computers in Schools. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Brockenbury, A. (1976). Round The Clock with Gifted Musicians. Latimer, London: n/a.
Brown, V. (2008). Best Practices in Gifted Education: An Evidence-Based Guide (Book review). Association for Childhood Education International, 84(3), 175. 
Clark, B. (2002). Growing Up Gifted. Columbus, Ohio: Merrill Prentice Hall.
Coleman, M. (2003). The Identification of Students Who Are Gifted. ERIC Clearinghouse on Disabilities and Gifted Education. Available at: (accessed on: 25/03/2008) 
Crawford, C. (1984). The Art of Computer Game Design. McGraw-Hill: Berkeley.  
Durry, W. (1964). The Gifted Student. New York: Oxford University Press.
Fancher, R. (1985). The Intelligence Men: Makers of the IQ Controversy. New York: W.W. Norton & Company
Feldhusen, J.F. (1996). How to Identify and Develop Special Talents. Educational Leadership, 53(5), 66-69. 
Feldhusen, J.F. (1998). Programs for the Gifted Few or Talent Development for the Many? Phi Delta Kappan, 79(10), 735-738. 
Gardner, H. (1983). Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. New York: Basic Books.
Gardner, H. (1993). Multiple intelligences: The Theory in Practice. New York: Basic Books. 
Godfrey, D. and Sterling, S. (1982). The Elements of CAL. Reston: Reston Publishing Co
Hussein, M. (2006). Multiple Intelligence and Development of the Gifted. Cairo: Dar Alafg.
Manning, S. (2006). Recognizing gifted students: a practical guide for teachers. Kappa Delta Pi Record, 42(2), 64-68.
Meador, K. (1996). Meeting the needs of young gifted students. Childhood Education, 73(1), 6. 
Michael, J. and Kely, L. (1994). The Design, Development and Evaluation of Instructional Software. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
Pyryt, M. (1999). Acceleration: strategies and benefits. Center for Gifted Education, University of Calgary, n/a.
Setzer, V.W. (2000). Computers in Education. Brazil: University of Sao Paulo.
Sternberg, R.J. (2003). Creative Thinking in the Classroom. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 47(3), 325-338.
Teare, J.B. (2004). Enrichment Activities for Able and Talented Children. Stafford: Network Educational Press.