Scientific Journal Of King Faisal University
Basic and Applied Sciences


Scientific Journal of King Faisal University / Humanities and Management Sciences

Development of Imagining and Building Images in Children's Drawings

(Khaled M. Al-Soud)


The importance of this study is in exploring children ability of imagining and building images through drawing, in addition to measuring the impact of visual culture and environmental factors in their imagining development. The study sample consisted of (62) children of the sixth grade in the city of Al-Ahsa during 2017/2018 school year. A scale for imagination and building images was used after tuning and testing for stability and validity. The study adopted descriptive and experimental approaches in this study to investigate the ability of children to imagine and build images and their relationship to the variables of the study. The mathematical averages were calculated for sample responses and T-test was used on the scale of imagination and building images in children's drawings. The results of the study showed that there are differences in the pre- and post- tests in favor of the posttest of the experimental group in the ability to imagine and build images. In addition, a statistically significant differences existed between the experimental and control groups in favor of the experimental group in the ability to imagine and build images by drawing. The study recommended that there is a need to provide real opportunities for children to interact with the external environment, which helps them to develop the ability to imagine and build images through drawings. Key Words: Artistic abilities, Mental images, Self-expression, Technical characteristics, Visual experience.


Abd Alwhab, T. (2012). Qara'at Alsuwrat Altashkiliat Bayn Alhaqiqat Wal'iiha'I 'Reading the visual image between truth and suggestion'. Journal of Humanities and Economic Sciences: Sudan University of Science and Technology. n/a(1), 103–26. [in Arabic]. 
Adison, N., and Burgess, L. (2004). Learning to Teach Art & Design in the Secondary School. London: Taylor and Francis Group.
Anderson, S. (1995). Social scaling in children's family drawings a comparative study in three cultures. Child Study Journal, 25(2). 25–97. 
Amru, K. (2001). Dawr Alkhibrat Albasariat Almubashirat Min Khilal Alnamadhij Almarsumat Fi Tatwir Al'ada' Alfaniyi Li'atfal Alsaabieat  'The role of direct visual expertise through drawn models in performance development Technical children of the seventh'. Journal of Educational Science Studies, University of Jordan. 28(1), 88–104. [in Arabic].
Anning, A. (1999). Learning to draw and drawing to learn. Journal of Art and Design Education. 18(2), 163–72.
Anning, A., and Ring, K. (2004). Making Sense of Children’s Drawings. Maidenhead: Open University Press.
Al-dalimi, Aamirah .F. (2011). Dilalat Aleunf Fi Rusum Altalamidha 'Signs of violence in student fees'. Journal of Educational Studies: University of Babylon. 7(12), 7–56.  [in Arabic]
Al-Soud, K. (2011). Ealaqat Rusum Al'atfal Bimafhum Aldhat 'Relationship of Children's Drawings to the Concept of Self'. Master’s, Dissertation, Al-Bayt University, Mafraq, Jordan. [in Arabic]
AL-Soud , K. (2012). 'Athar Alnawe Alaijtimaeii Waleumar Walbina' Al'usry Fi Rusumat  Al'atfal Lieayilatihim 'The impact of gender, age, and family structure on children's drawings of their families'. Zarqa University Journal for Research and Humanities Studies. 12)1), 56–71. [in Arabic]
Al-shiltay, 'Amal. A. (2010). 'Athar Manzumat Albiyat Almadrasiat fi Tanmiat Tlqiam Al'iibdaeiat Waltashkiliat Limadat Altarbiat Alfaniyat Bialmarhalat Alththanawiat Min Wijhat Nazar Almuealamat 'The Effect of School Environment Systems on Developing Creative and Plastic Values For the Subject of Art Education at the Secondary Level from the Teachers Point of View'. Master’s, Dissertation, College of Education, Umm  Al- Qura University, Saudi Arabia. [in Arabic].
Al-Kanani, M, and . Dadayawan, N. (2012). Wazifat altarbiat alfaniyat fi tanmiat altakhayl wabina' alsuwar aldhhnyt ladaa almutaealim wa'iishamiha fi tamthil altafkir albisri 'The function of art education in developing imagination and building mental images the learner has its own contribution to the representation of visual thinking'. University of Baghdad Journal. n/a(20), 579–608. [in Arabic].
Bartel, M. (2008). Learning to Know How to Draw. Available at (Accessed on 19/3/2018)
Bosco, A., Longoni, A. M. and Vecchi, T. (2004). Gender effects in spatial orientation: Cognitive profiles and mental strategies. Applied Cognitive Psychology. 18(5), 519–32.‏
Campbell, K. J., Collis, K. F., and Watson, J. M. (1995). Visual processing during mathematical problem solving. Educational Studies in Mathematics. 28(2), 177-194.
Chen, L. T. (1998). Culturally Accommodated Imagination: Discovering Children’s Fantasy World in Drawing. Available at: (accessed on 01/03/2018)
Finnegan, R. (2002). Communicating the Multiple Modes of Human Interconnection. London: Routledge.
Gardner, H. (1980). Artful Scribbles: The Significance of Children’s Drawings. New York: Basic Books
Gross, J., and Hayne, H. (1998). Drawing facilitates children’s verbal reports of emotionally laden events. Journal of Experimental Psychology. n/a)4), 163–79.
Hamid, Hadham. K. (2007). Athar altaebir aldhdhatia walkhibrat albasariat fi tanmiat  al'iidrak alhasii ladaa 'atfal alriyad fi muhafazat diala 'The effect of self-expression and visual experience on developing sensory perception in children Riyadh in Diyala Governorate'. Al-Fateh Journal: Center for Childhood and Motherhood Research. n/a(31). 57–76. [in Arabic] 
Hawkins, B. (2002). Children’s drawing, self-expression, identity and imagination. Journal of Art and Design Education, 21(3), 209–19. 
Hayes, N. (2007). Perspectives on the Relationship between Education and Care in Early Childhood. Ireland: National Council for Curriculum and Assessment.
Hope, G. (2008). Thinking and Learning through Drawing. London: Sage.
Hopperstad, M. H. (2010). Studying meaning in children’s drawings. Journal of Early Childhood Literacy, 10(4), 430–452. 
Husin, Bilaqis .A. (2005). Alkifayat Altaelimiat Allazimat Limuelimat Alrawdat Wa'athariha Bibaed Aleamaliat Aleaqlit 'The Educational Competencies Necessary for the Kindergarten Teacher and Its Impact on Some Processes Mental. Master’s, Dissertation, College of Education for Girls, University of Baghdad, Iraq. [in Arabic]
Lowenfeld, V., and Brittain, W. L. (1987). Creative and Mental Growth. 8th edition. NJ: Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River.
Malchiodi, C. A. (2001). ‘Using drawing in short-term assessment and intervention of child maltreatment and trauma’. In: A., Giardino (ed.) Child Maltreatment. 3rd edition. Louis: GW, St.
Munroe, R. H., Munroe, R. L., and Brasher, A. (1985). Precursors of spatial ability: A longitudinal study among the Logoli of Kenya. The Journal of Social Psychology, 125(1), 23–33.‏
Olkun, S. (2003). Making connections: Improving spatial abilities with engineering drawing activities. International Journal of Mathematics Teaching and Learning. 3(1), 1–10.
Payne, M. (1996). Some effects of sex, age, and house hold structure on family drawings of Barbadian children. Journal of Social Psychology. 136(5), 231–349.
Quaiser-Pohl, C., Geiser, C. and Lehmann, W. (2006). The relationship between computer-game preference, gender, and mental-rotation ability. Personal and Individual Differences. n/a)40(, 609–19. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2005.07.015
Raymonde, D.H. (2008). Drawing a family map: An experiential tool for engaging children in family therapy. Journal of Family Therapy. 30(3), 247–59.
Sweeney, R.B., and Bracken, B.A. (2000). Influence of family structure on children's self-concept development. Canadian Journal of School Psychology. 16(1), 39-52. DOI: 10.1177/082957350001600103.