Scientific Journal Of King Faisal University
Basic and Applied Sciences


Scientific Journal of King Faisal University / Humanities and Management Sciences

Putting Together Contracts: Drafting and Interpreting, What Participants Need to Know

(Ali Salem Almarri)


Saudi Arabia is welcoming an increasing number of law graduates with newly obtained degrees from America and Europe to become legal professionals in their own country. Studying abroad has heightened their second language skills and cultivated an essential understanding of American and European law. Once home, they must begin to reconcile Saudi law with international law when drafting contracts and other legal transactions. This article will highlight particular sections of contracts during the drafting process, including strategies and techniques when constructing critical clauses. In addition, the article will discuss facilitating and collaborating with other lawyers, including foreign players. Finally, every contract is different in relation to the contracting parties, their needs and interests, which will be reflected in the content of the clauses. The purpose of this article is to assist Saudi lawyers in expanding their understanding of contract law and the essential elements that produce a competent legal contract that can be embraced by all parties. Certain clauses are presented with further discussion to emphasize the critical advantages for parties in including them in a contract and to present scenarios for proposing these advantages during the drafting stage.

Clause, conditions, covenant, promise, statement, terms



Adams, C. M. and Cramer, P. K. (2020). A Practical Guide to Drafting Contracts: From Concept to Closure. 2nd edition. New York, NY: Wolters Kluwer.
Adams, K. A. (2001). Legal Usage in Drafting Corporate Agreements. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.
Adams, K. A. (2004). A Manual of Style for Contract Drafting. Lanham: American Bar Association.
Adoranti, J. F. (2006). The Managers Guide to Understanding Indemnity Clauses. London: Les50ns Professional Pub. 
Atlas, N. F., Huber, S. K. and Trachte-Huber, E. W. (2000). Alternative Dispute Resolution: The Litigators Handbook. Chicago, Ill: American Bar Association.
Blum, B. A. (2007). Contracts: Examples and Explanations. 4th edition. New York, NY: Aspen Publishers.
Callahan, M. T. (2009). Termination of construction and design contracts. Austin: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business.
Collins, K. H. (2003). The Law of Contract. 4th edition. London: LexisNexis UK.
Cordero-Moss, E. G. (2011). Boilerplate Clauses, International Commercial Contracts and the Applicable Law. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Erkan, M. I. (2011). International Energy Investment Law: Stability Through Contractual Clauses. The Netherlands: Kluwer Law International.
Espenschied, L. E. (2010). Contract Drafting: Powerful Prose in Transactional Practice. Chicago: Amer Bar Association.
Fontaine, E. M. and Ly, F. D. (2009). Drafting International Contracts: An Analysis of Contract Clauses. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Pub.
Garrett, G. A. (2007). World Class Contracting. 4th edition. Chicago: Wolters Kluwer Publishers Ltd.
Gittings, G. L. and Bagby, J. W. (1998). Managing Product Liability to Achieve Highway Innovations. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Guth, S. R. (2008). The Contract Negotiation Handbook an Indispensable Guide for Contract Professionals. Morrisville, NC: Lulu Press.
Haghpanah, E. A. and Almasi, N. A. (2018). Regulations of determining law governing to arbitrability. Ius Humani, Law Journal, 7(6), 145–66. 
Helewitz, J. A. (2010). Basic Contract Law for Paralegals. 6th edition. New York, NY: Aspen Publishers.
Kayali, D. K. (2017). Enforceability of Multi-Tiered Dispute Resolution Clauses. Oxford: Hart Publishing.
Mckeown, M. M. (2015). 2015. Indemnification agreements for intentional misconduct: Balancing public policy and freedom to contract in Texas. St. Mary’s Law Journal, 46(3), 345–76.
Miller, E. L. (2008). Lifecycle of a Technology Company: Step-by-Step Legal Background and Practical Guide. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 
Mulcahy, M. L. and Tillotson, E. J. (2004). Contract law in perspective. London: Routledge-Cavendish.
Nurk, A. W. (2009). Drafting Purchase Price Adjustment Clauses in M&A: Guarantees, Retrospective and Future Oriented Purchase Price Adjustment Tools. Diplomica Verlag GmbH: Hamburg. 
Paulsson, J., Rawding, N. and Reed, L. (2011). The Freshfields Guide to Arbitration and Arbitration Clauses in International Contracts. 3rd edition. The Netherlands: Kluwer Law Internat.
Rossini, J. C. (1998). English as a Legal Language. 2nd edition. London: Kluwer Law International.
Rowan, U. S. (2012). Remedies for Breach of Contract: A Comparative Analysis of the Protection of Performance. New York, NY: OUP Oxford.
Russell, C.  A. (1996). Opinion Writing and Drafting in Contract Law. London: Cavendish.
Shahani, G. B. (2019). The ins and outs of construction contracts. Hydrocarbon Processing, 98(12), 8–11. 
Sparrow, E. (2003). Successful IT Outsourcing: From Choosing A Provider to Managing the Project. London: Springer.
Stim, R. O. and Fishman, S. J. (2001). Nondisclosure Agreement: Protect Your Trade Secrets and More. Berkeley.: Nolo Company Publishers.
van der Puil, E. J. and VanWeele, A. J. (2014). International Contracting: Contract Management in Complex Construction Projects. London: Imperial College Press. 
Vinter, G. D. and Price, G. (2006). Project Finance: A Legal Guide. 3rd edition. London: Sweet & Maxwell.
Wilson, L. S. (2008). Terminating contracts. Journal of Building Appraisal, 4(3), 225–30.